China struggles to register last 10% of population in ’universal’ social insurance system China struggles to register last 10% of population in ’universal’ social insurance system

China struggles to register last 10% of population in ’universal’ social insurance system
19 Jan 2018

The database currently holds the details of 900 million people, but the last 100 million are proving elusive.

China is planning to build a database that holds information about everybody eligible for social insurance in a bid to ensure universal coverage by 2020.

The country’s social insurance system is the largest in the world. The details of about 900 million people are included in the endowment insurance system, more than 1.3 billion of which are covered by medical insurance, according to a statement from the Social Insurance Management Center.

The average monthly payment to retired urban employees is more than 2,300 yuan (US$335), while the basic endowment insurance, which covers the unemployed in both rural and urban areas, is around 120 yuan (US$185).

In 2014, the ministry launched a four-year campaign aimed at registering all Chinese residents eligible for social insurance into a national database. But the database is not yet complete, and the Social Insurance Management Center said it would be challenging to include the remaining 10% of the population in the social endowment insurance system.

These 100 million people are mostly migrant workers in flexible employment, working in new forms of industry such as e-commerce or express delivery or employed by small and medium-sized enterprises.

According to ECNS, while big data and the internet will play a role in locating those not already covered, the ministry will also promote data exchange among its employment-related departments and the Ministry of Public Security. Research and investigative tours will be made to reach those employed in new forms of industry.

The ministry will also provide services via internet platforms and mobile terminals to help those not covered join the system and offer tailor-made services to different groups.

The database currently holds the details of 900 million people, but the last 100 million are proving elusive.

China is planning to build a database that holds information about everybody eligible for social insurance in a bid to ensure universal coverage by 2020.

The country’s social insurance system is the largest in the world. The details of about 900 million people are included in the endowment insurance system, more than 1.3 billion of which are covered by medical insurance, according to a statement from the Social Insurance Management Center.

The average monthly payment to retired urban employees is more than 2,300 yuan (US$335), while the basic endowment insurance, which covers the unemployed in both rural and urban areas, is around 120 yuan (US$185).

In 2014, the ministry launched a four-year campaign aimed at registering all Chinese residents eligible for social insurance into a national database. But the database is not yet complete, and the Social Insurance Management Center said it would be challenging to include the remaining 10% of the population in the social endowment insurance system.

These 100 million people are mostly migrant workers in flexible employment, working in new forms of industry such as e-commerce or express delivery or employed by small and medium-sized enterprises.

According to ECNS, while big data and the internet will play a role in locating those not already covered, the ministry will also promote data exchange among its employment-related departments and the Ministry of Public Security. Research and investigative tours will be made to reach those employed in new forms of industry.

The ministry will also provide services via internet platforms and mobile terminals to help those not covered join the system and offer tailor-made services to different groups.

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